UNIX is a famous operating system, completely based on the command executing approach. This means that you just use a command to complete any work on this operating system. There is no graphical user interface on UNIX at all. The user and the hardware communicate via commands only. Among the most useful features of UNIX, which you might want to have it on your PC for are:
- Multitasking (performing more than one task simultaneously through the network);
- Multi-user activity (logging in two systems simultaneously, contrary to Windows and DOS);
- Portability (very easy to install for any kind of hardware);
The basic architecture of UNIX is structured the following way: hardware (physical component of a computer), kernel (central part of an operating system for the low-level activity), shell (a collection of the commands, placed in one place), application software (browses, office, etc.), and user.
And now, let’s try to understand how to run a UNIX terminal on your PC, having 7, 8, or 10 Windows system.
UNIX Terminal and Windows
First of all, you need to have a special command-line interface pre-installed in advance to be able to create a UNIX environment on your PC. Where can you get it from? There are a lot of different integrating interfaces for Windows particularly on the market for now. Those most reliable and popular ones are Cygwin, MinGW, PowerShell, and BusyBox. So, choose whatever program fits your preferences and technical requirements the most, and have it downloaded to your device. What we can personally recommend is Cygwin as the most understandable and constantly upgrading one.
Go to a reliable website and upload Cygwin package for the Windows version you have. Make sure to check your Windows properties before downloading the package, and only then run it on your PC. The whole setup process is pretty simple and quick. A new window will pop up. You need to follow the steps and press “Next” until you can choose a local package directory. Pick the place to store Cygwin in. Create a new folder if it is needed. Create an icon on the desktop and double click it when the installation process is over. Check if the terminal is working by typing a couple simple commands like “whoami”, “cal”, “date”, “ls”, “mkdir”, and “df”. And there it is.
Now, you can try using a UNIX terminal on your computer too. Hopefully, this information made it clear to you what is a typical command based OS is and what you need before having it on your PC. You can have UNIX systems installed on your Windows even if you don’t really need them now. It doesn’t cost a thing to put them on, but they can be handy in case you want to make your OS more universal supporting such features like multitasking and multi-user activity.